born in Pembroke, South Wales, to Edmund Tudor and Margaret Beaufort
(a direct descendant of John of Gaunt, Edward III's son). Because
of the political and sometimes violent problems between the Houses
of Lancaster and York Henry, at the age of fourteen, was exiled
to France where he remained until 1485.
time in France Henry made many allies with the French as many
were sympathetic to his situation. The French always saw the
English crown as a major threat as they had been traditional
enemies of the English for centuries. The '100
Years War' was still a recent memory. When the time arrived
for Henry to return to England to claim his title he did so with
a large number of French troops in support. Unlike Richard, Henry
had very little military or political experience and so the aid
of the French was initially very important.
With the news
of Richard's seizing the throne and the rumoured murder of the
'Princes in the Tower' an uprising was arranged by Henry Stafford,
Duke of Buckingham, with Henry Tudor named as the rightful king.
Although the rebellion failed these actions paved the way for
Henry's return from exile with his French allies. In 1485 Henry
landed at Milford Haven (in Wales) and assembled his troops before
marching on to Leicester to confront Richard.
famous defeat of Richard III at Bosworth Henry was crowned Henry
VII, King of England. Henry subsequently married Elizabeth of
York therefore uniting the Houses of York and Lancaster.