In primary schools relationship and sex education should contribute to the foundation of PSHE and Citizenship by ensuring that
Develop confidence in talking, listening and thinking about feelings and relationships;
Are able to name parts of the body and describe how their bodies work;
Can protect themselves and ask for help and support; and,
Are prepared for puberty
Know how a baby is born (Science KS1 and 2).
All primary schools should have a sex and relationship education programme tailored to the age and the physical and emotional maturity of the children. In Foundation and Key Stage 1 education about relationships needs to focus on friendship, bullying and the building of self-esteem.
All children, including those who develop earlier than the average, need to know about puberty before they experience the onset of physical changes.
For more information contact Andrew Cooper Education Adviser at the Health Education Service